Tea performing arts, tea terminology and translation, promote tea studies and innovations. *Contact ,icetea8@gmail.com, Trad. and Simp. Chinese used. Blog since 6/23/2005
Name: Steven R. Jones; Link: http://teaarts.blogspot.com/
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名字:瓊斯史迪芬Steven R. Jones, 網址: http://teaarts.blogspot.com/

8/22/2008

China Culture is strong and long lasting

Ancestor Worship and Divination (Shang and Zhou Dynasties)
Two traditions that began in ancient China, and still continue today, are
ancestor worship and divination. Ancestor worship means worshiping and
praying to family members who lived before you, but are now dead.
Ancestor worship was based on five main ideas:
1. The world is divided into three levels: heaven, earth, and the underworld.
All of these levels are connected to each other.
2. A person is not only connected to a father and mother, but all the relatives
from the distant past .
3. The human body has two souls. One soul, called the hun, rises when a
person dies. The other, called the po, becomes a ghost.
4. A person needs to offer gifts to their ancestors in heaven, to show respect.
Most of these gifts include wine and meat. The gifts could be placed out in
nature, perhaps at the bottom of a mountain or along a river. It was very
important for the king to give these gifts, to ensure a good year ahead. They
believed that not giving these gifts could lead to natural disasters, like floods
or famines.
Ancestor worship was practiced in the village and in the family. In the
village, both in the past and today, it was common to find temples built for
ancestors. Villagers could go to these places to worship their ancestors. In
most homes, there was an altar to hold wood or paper which had the names of
dead relatives written on them.
<<<5.>>>
(adapted from Visible Traces: Teacher’s Guide, Asia Society 2000)
<>
5. In my own view which is more toward the modern world as opposed to the ancient world of how they tried to deal with the certain ideas. "5" deals with how people relate to the physical world and the nonphysical world through Tradition, Buddhism, Taoism, and Folklore Belief to some degree
The original text may be found here.
http://www.globaled.org/curriculum/china/julieseamus/resource/ancestor%20worship.pdf

8/08/2008

中英文陶瓷術語 Ceramics Terminology

Pottery (Ceramics) Terminology

中英文陶瓷術語
漢英部分Chinese-English (拼音排序In Pinyin Order )
陶瓷原料 Ceramic Material
白雲土 dolomite
長石feldspar
瓷泥petunse, petuntse, petuntze
瓷漆enamel paint, enamel
封泥lute
高嶺土kaolin, china clay
矽石,二氧化矽silica, SiO2
堇青石cordierite
莫來石,紅柱石andalusite
泥果,坯體clay body 泥釉slip
石灰,生石灰,氧化鈣lime, calcium oxide, CaO
氧化錫tin oxide
釉glaze
原材料raw material
雲母mica
皂石,塊滑石steatite
其它 Others
斑點 speck
半透明 translucence, translucency, translucent
不滲透的 nonporous
不透明的 opaque
茶葉罐 caddy
單色的 monochrome
鍍金 gild
多色的 polychrome
高白 high white, Gaobai
工藝品 artware
鬼工,鬼爺神工 demon’s work, kuei kung
建白材料 construction/building material
景德鎮 Jingdexhen, Ching-te-chen
景泰藍 cloisonné
絕緣子 insulator
考古學 archaeology
可塑的 plastic
流變學 rheology
琉璃瓦 glazed tile 模型、模特 model
模子 mould
耐熱 heat-proof
配方 formula
盆栽 bonsai
漆器 lacquer work
器皿 ware
秦始皇陵兵馬俑life-size terra-cotta soldiers and horses in Chin tomb
青銅器 bronze work
人類學 antropology
滲透的 porous
手印,指印 finger mark
首飾盒 jewel case
絲網印刷 silk screen printing
四面體 tetrahedral
搪瓷,琺瑯 enamel
陶瓷的 ceramic
陶瓷專家,陶瓷藝術家 ceramist
陶工 potter
瓦 tile 碗 bowl
衛生潔具 sanitary ware
溫度 temperature
硬度 hardness
釉工 glazier
圓塊,雕球,瘤 knob
磚 brick
愛比克泰德Epicteus(活動於520-500 BC)古希臘陶工兼畫家
何朝宗He Chaozhong(1522-1620) Chinese ceramist in Ming Dynasty,中國明代陶瓷藝術家
韋奇伍德Wedgwood(1730-1795)英國著名陶瓷工匠和製造商
希臘古甕頌'Ode on a Crecian Urn'英國詩人濟慈Keats(1795-1821)的名詩,驚嘆古希臘陶器彩繪之精美
陶瓷類型 Types of Pottery
碧玉細炻器 jasper
薄胎瓷 thin china
彩陶器,釉陶 faience
陳設瓷,擺設瓷 display china
瓷porcelain, china (China '中國'來自'Chin''秦',在英文中'中國'和'瓷'同一單詞)
赤陶 terracotta, terracotta, red earthenware
代爾夫精陶 delft
德化陶瓷 Te-hua porcelain, Dehua pottery
高溫陶瓷 refractory china
工業陶瓷 industrial ceramics
工藝瓷,美術瓷,藝術瓷art porcelain, art and craft china, art pottery, artistic china 骨瓷bone china
官瓷 mandarin porcelain
光瓷 lusterware
黑色陶器 basalt
裂變瓷 crackled porcelain
裂紋瓷 crazed china
米色陶器 creamware
青瓷 celadon
青花瓷 bule and white porcelain
輕質瓷、輕瓷 light china
日用瓷 household china, table ware
軟瓷 soft porcelain
殺菌陶瓷 antiseptic pottery
繩紋陶器 Jomon pottery
施釉陶器 slipware
炻瓷 stoneware
素彩瓷 plain porcelain
陶 earthenware
陶瓷 pottery
無釉陶、陶瓷素燒坯biscuit, unglazed ware
錫釉陶 majolica
細瓷 fine china
硬瓷 hard porcelain
赭色粘土陶器 terra sigillata
紫砂purple granulated, purple sand, terra-cotta
工藝技術 Technology
凹雕 intaglio
標記 marking
玻璃化 vitrify
車削 turning
成型 forming
沖壓,沖壓花 repousse
瓷土加工 clay processing
雕刻 carving
浮雕 relief
隔焰窯 muffle
工藝技術 technology
矽氧鍵 silicon-oxygen bond
技藝 technique, craft
間斷窯 intermittent kiln
澆鑄 casting
拉毛 sgraffito
連續窯 continuous kiln
鏤雕、鏤空 piercing
轆轤車 jigger
泥釉彩飾法 trailing
碾磨 grinding
拋光 burnishing, polishing
破裂 chip
嵌入 inlay
切刻 incising
篩子 sieve
燒製 firing
陶瓷科技 ceramics
陶輪 potter’s wheel
貼花、嵌花 appliqué, decal
凸雕,底切,拉底,底部掏槽 undercut
細裂紋 craze
性能 property
壓印 impressing
窯 kiln
印花 stamping
釉上彩 overglazed color figure
釉下彩 underglazed color figure
預加工pre-processing 粘性,粘滯性viscosity, stiffness
轉模片 jiggered piece
轉印 transfer print
裝飾 décor, decoration

http://bbs.fobshanghai.com/viewthread.php?tid=109264
http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/37819547